A new book about life in the Isle of Man during the First World War has described the scale of hardship and sacrifice borne by Manx society.
Isle of Man in the Great War has been penned by local resident Caroline Smith, making her debut on book shop history shelves.
She tells the story of the abrupt end to the summer season in August 1914 as war was declared - when hundreds of thousands of tourists fled home and Steam Packet ships were requisitioned.
The book then traces the profound impact internment camps had on the Island - providing a boom time for some, but great hardship for others and a growing demand for social reform.
Caroline says the Island's unique experience of the Great War is a compelling story to tell: